Biohazardous means any waste products, which may come from human being. This can be any kind of body fluids, such as: Blood, Excrement/faces, urine, saliva, mucus, vomit, sweat, and tears. Fresh body fluids can be dangerous to another human being if it is contaminated and infected others. Common biohazardous that may come into contact during cleaning the room or rest room are diapers, blood stained sheet, and excrement on sheets/towels and in the bathroom, urine soaked mattresses, hyperdemic needles, used cotton bud/bandages/band aid, used sanitary towels, used condom, vomit, and dry skin flakes. Handling hazardous waste can be done with:

    1. Vomit Powder (Nilosorb)

      Vomit powder used to absorb liquids from vomit, sweep vomit using dust pan and broom, then sanitize with sanitizer and wipe it with clean rag.

    2. Red waste bag

      It is bag used for all materials and items which might get into contact with hazardous waste, such as: Soiled linen with blood spot on it, diapers, any chemical waste hair from spa, stained mattress, soiled mops/used broom that being used for cleaning biohazard waste, and sanitary waste from woman toilets.

    3. Sharp container box from infirmary

      It is a box used for all used hypodermic needles after injection. This disposal procedure is based on USPH regulations. All boxes must be signed in and out from infirmary by the cabin steward stating there's a used needle inside the box. Before disposing to the box, needle should be cover with protective plastic tip and separate from any other trash.

    4. Biohazardous waste kits

      It is equipment that being use to clean biohazardous material such as: PPE, gown gloves, kit box, nilosorb, mask, sanitizer and deodorizer.




    Laundry is part of housekeeping department which has responsibility to wash and press guest's clothes, management level employee clothes, and all of the linens onboard the ship. Laundry responsibilities are to wash passenger's clothes including dry cleaning and pressing (passenger get charged), wash linens belong to Food and Beverage department (napkins, table clothes, table mat, etc), wash linens and towels that are used by the guests and crews (sheets, pillow cases, towels, blanket, rags, etc), and wash employee uniform.

    Laundry process begins with checking equipment and tools before and after usage, measuring the capacity of the linen before putting it to the machine, safety first for all the staff, ensuring that soiled linen put into "soiled linen" cart only and clean linen put into "clean linen" only cart, stain treatment, proper loading linen to the washer, follow the instruction (CATT process-Chemical, Action, Time, Temperature), productivity and working ethic, measuring dryer loading perfectly, unloading linen from the washer and dryer, flat iron operation, linen press & folding machine operation, quality assurance/control, linen trap cleaning, general laundry cleaning, and clean linen store and daily distribution timing.

    Kind of machine and equipment that being used in the laundry are large washer, small washer, dryer/tumbler, flat iron, press and folder linen machine, dry cleaning unit, presser, laundry carts (mark with "clean only" and "soiled only", linen storage room, and laundry chemical storage.

    Chemicals that are usually being used for laundry operations are liquid detergent, solid detergent, bleach, and softener and for cleaning spot/stain linens they use Emulsa tech, Enzyme treatment, and rust and tannin treatment.

    Chemicals that usually used for dry cleaning are:

    • perchloroethylene (solvent),
    • staticol
    • novel stain
    • polymark.


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